Plants for Fall Colour

Trees & Shrubs for Fall Colour

How about adding some new plants for fall colour to your garden.  Often the fall season gets over looked when we are planning our gardens.  So much of our attention is on the flowers of spring and summer. Mums are not the only way to add great fall colour to your garden. There are lots of trees and shrubs that can add that warm fall colouring too.

Dwarf Burning Bush

Euonymus alatus compactus

Dwarf Burning Bush

There are few shrubs that can compare to burning bush for adding fall colour to the landscape.  It’s dark green leaves take on the most brilliant scarlet colour in late fall.  Dwarf Burning Bush is a small deciduous shrub that grows compactly and makes a sensational accent in the late season landscape.  Burning Bush are very easy to grow – all they need is a sunny spot with well drained soil. Grows 1.5m high & wide.

 

 

Ivory Halo Dogwood

ccornus ivory halo

Ivory Halo Dogwood (Winter)

Here we have a shrub for all seasons.  From spring the fall, this shrub has brightly variegated  silver-edged leaves that will brighten any garden space.  As the leaves fade and fall, bright red stems are revealed which provide excellent contrast all winter.   Ivory Halo is a compact selection that does well in both sun or shade.  (1.5m high & wide).

 

 

 

 

Limelight Hydrangea

Limelight Hydrangea

Limelight Hydrangea (Pink fall colours)

Every garden needs a few hydrangeas and Limelight is one of the very best.  A late blooming variety with bright white flowers with a lime-green tinge that change to shades of pink in fall. Limelight is a vigorous shrub with strong sturdy stems that hold the flowers upright.  Prefers full sun to light shade.  Grows 2.5 m high & wide.

 

 

 

Sweetspire Little Henry

Itea virginica 'Sprich'

Little Henry Sweetspire (Fall colour)

This is a shrub that often goes unnoticed for much of the year but deserve more recognition.  Sweetspire is native which puts on a show of fragrant white blooms in early summer.  In fall, the leaves turn a brillant scarlet red.  Little Henry Sweetspire is a dwarf variety that grows approximately 1 metre high and wide.  Does best in moist well drained soils but can tolerate even wet conditions in full sun to full shade.

 

 

 

 

Sumac Tiger Eyes

Tiger Eye Sumac

Tiger Eye Sumac

What a great plant for year round colour, texture and interest.  Tiger Eye Sumac has deeply cut leaves, chartreuse in colour turning yellow in summer.  As fall approaches the foliage changes to an amazing  mixture of gold, orange and scarlet.  This variety grows eventually to 2m high and wide.  Like other sumac, Tiger Eye does spread by sending out root suckers.  So you may need to cut these volunteers back if you with to keep this plant in a confined space.  Slow spreading. Full sun to part shade.  Zone 5

 

 

 

 

Englemann Ivy

Engelmann Ivy

Engelmann Ivy

Vines are very versatile plants that are used everywhere in our landscapes.  Among them, Englemann Ivy is one of the best.  This hardy adaptable vine can handle the harshest conditions.   Englemann Ivy can handle full sun to full shade.   An excellent climbing vine that will attach itself to nearly any surface.   Perfect for growing up sides of houses, along fences, over arbours and up trees.  Foliage is a rich deep green in summer turning red to purple in fall. Grows 15m high.

 

 

 

Ginkgo Tree

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba

Here is a tree that has stood the tests of time.  Ginkgo is an ancient tree known for its resistance to disease and insect pest.  Ginkgoes are very adaptable to adverse growing conditions and can tolerate just about any soils but constantly wet.  During the spring and summer, the tree has a very unique green fan shaped leaf.  In fall these leaves turn the purest yellow.  Then within a day or so, all the leaves seem to fall in unison.  Ginkgo is relatively slow growing but patient is rewarded as the tree take on a  beautiful size and shape.  It eventually can reach a height of 15 metres and a width of 6 metres.

 

 

 

 

 

Sugar Maple

Fall Colour sugar Maple

Sugar Maple Trees

When one thinks of trees with colourful fall foliage, Sugar Maple has to be at the top of the list.  Here in Ontario, sugar maples make up a large part of our native forest.  It is these trees that turn those amazing shades of yellow, orange and red in the fall.  Sugar maples are also known as hard maple which references their strong and durable wood.  Being a hardwood, they tend to have a slower growth rate than other trees but over time they can reach 20m high, 12m wide.

 

Drought Proof Plants

Drought Tolerant Plants

It’s going to be another sizzlin’ summer! Summer drought doesn’t that mean you can’t plant? Absolutely not! Here are some plants that relish the summer heat, love dry conditions and add great colour to your summer garden!

 

Perennials

Grasses

Grasses such as Calamagrostis, Festuca and Miscanthus flourish under hot and dry conditions. Bring depth and height to you garden by adding these grasses this summer. Also adds great fall and winter interest.

 

 

 

 

Lavender and Thyme

These herbs love the hot sun. Add colour and delicious scents to your summer garden with either of these drought resistant picks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sedum and Sempervivum

These are a perfect choice to add unique and interesting plants to your summer garden. With a huge selection of different varieties, you’ll never get bored with these drought tolerant succulents.

 

 

 

 

Echinacea

Brighten up your summer garden with every colour of cone flower you can think of. It’s not just purple and pink anymore! They also come in several different sizes now, from under a foot to over 3 feet tall.

 

 

 

 

 

Perovskia

Want long lasting blooms in your summer garden? Russian sage provides a long bloom time with great colour for those hot and dry areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaillardia

Blanket flower is a part of the sunflower family and its large flowers show you why. With several varieties in store you’ll have lots of colour to choose from. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vine

Honeysuckle

This heat-loving vine attracts hummingbirds and butterflies with its masses of fragrant flowers. Honeysuckle is a twining vine and will need some support in the garden, such as a trellis or fence.

  

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering Shrubs

Smokebush 

Add outstanding deep purple foliage all season to your hot and dry garden, with smoke-like puff flowers in late summer. Grows 3m by 3m at maturity.

 

 

 

 

 

Tamarisk 

This drought-tolerant plant has very unusual fine feathery foliage and graceful plumes of deep pink flowers in late summer. Grows 3m by 2m at maturity.

 

 

 

 

 

Beauty Bush 

A graceful choice for this hot summer. Arching branches are covered with an abundance of pink flowers in June. Grows 3m by 3m at maturity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ninebark 

A compact, sun-loving shrub that provides excellent colour in the garden. Foliage and flowers come in several different colours depending on variety. June blooms are attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Height varies depending on variety.

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf Burning Bush 

Once established, this shrub is perfect for your hot and dry garden. The dark green summer foliage turns a brilliant red in the fall. Compact and undemanding. Grows 1.25m by 1.5m at maturity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trees

Honey Locust 

Once established, the honey locust is a drought and heat tolerant tree that can provide shade as well as fragrant flowers in late spring. Relatively fast growing, this medium sized tree can tolerate a variety of soil conditions including alkaline soil

 

 

 

 

Weeping Caragana 

A small weeping accent tree with fine green foliage and yellow flowers in spring. Very hardy and heat tolerant. Grows 2m by 1.25m at maturity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen

Junipers

There are several varieties of juniper, spreading and upright, that tolerate hot and dry conditions. Blue and green tones provide excellent accents in the garden.

 

 

 

 

Pines 

There are also several varieties of pine, whether shrub or tree form, that are heat loving and drought tolerant. With so many different varieties of pines available, there’s something for every garden!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yuccas 

A striking accent plant with broad sword-like leaves that last year round. White flowers bloom on a very tall stake in summer. Green and yellow varieties available.

 

 

 

 

 

Even though these plants do well in dry and hot areas, each one does need to be watered regularly for the first growing season until established.

Oh Canada! Red & White Plants for the Canadian Garden!

Red and white make a great colour combination in the garden.  Vibrant reds, just look so much better when they have a bit of white near by to really show them off.  As Canadians we seem to have a natural affinity to this colour combination out of our national pride.  So if you are thinking of showing your true colours in your landscape, you might like to consider a few of our top choices for red and white plants for the HARDY Canadian Garden.

Royal Red Maple

Acer Royal Red (3)

Royal Red Maple

Royal Red Maple is a faster growing tree with maroon red colour that turns brighter purple in fall. This splendid shade tree has a rounded, symmetrical growing habit. It is hardy and easy to grow. A magnificent lawn specimen for great colour. Grows to about 50’ high and 25’ wide at maturity.

 

 

 

 

Silverleaf Dogwood

Cornus alba Silverleaf

Silver Leaf Dogwood

Silverleaf dogwood has bright white and green variegated leaves on red stems that provide excellent contrast. A perfect shrub for year-long interest in the garden. Very hardy and easy to grow, this striking shrub looks best in mass plantings or combined with dark-leafed shrubs. Grows to 6’ high & wide at maturity.

 

 

 

 

Roseglow Barberry

Berberis Roseglow

Rose Glow Barberry

Rose Glow Japanese Barberry has attractive and interesting pink-variegated burgundy foliage which emerges red in spring. The small oval leaves turn an outstanding burgundy in the fall. It features tiny clusters of yellow flowers hanging below the branches in mid-spring. The fruits are showy scarlet drupes carried in abundance from early to late fall. And the bark is brick red. Grows to about 5’ high & wide at maturity.

 

 

 

 

Pee Gee Hydrangea

Hydrangea paniculata Pee Gee (2)

Pee Gee Hydrangea

Pee Gee Hydrangea features bold conical white flowers with rose overtones at the ends of the branches from mid-summer to late fall. The flowers are show-stoppers in the garden and are excellent for cutting. It also has green foliage throughout the season. Pee Gee Hydrangea is a multi-stemmed flowering shrub with an upright spreading habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

 

 

 

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple

Acer Crimson Queen (2)

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple

Crimson Queen Japanese Maple has attractive deep purple foliage which emerges crimson in spring. The deeply cut ferny palm-shaped leaves are ornamentally significant and turn an outstanding scarlet in the fall. This Japanese Maple is an open deciduous dwarf tree with a rounded form and gracefully weeping branches. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone. Grows slowly to 8’ high and 10’ wide at maturity.

 

 

Diana Rose of Sharon

Hibiscus syr Diana

Diana Rose of Sharon

Diana Rose of Sharon features bold white large flowers from summer to fall. Forest green foliage covers multi-stemmed, stiffly upright branches. A vigorous grower, this flowering shrub does best in full sun. Grows to 10’ high & 8’ wide at maturity.

 

 

 

 

Scarlet Flowering Quince

chaenomeles Rubra

Scarlet Flowering Quince

This exquisite old-fashioned favourite flowering shrub blooms profusely over a long season! Fiery red apple blossom-like flowers cover the densely branched thorny stems in spring and are replaced by lustrous dark green foliage later in the season. An ideal for shrub borders and as a background plant. Very hardy and easy to grow. Grows to about 4’ high & wide at maturity.

 

 

 

White Ball Butterfly Bush

Buddleia White Ball Close-up

White Ball Butterfly Bush

White Ball Butterfly Bush features showy panicles of fragrant white flowers at the ends of the pendulous branches from mid-summer to mid fall. Flowers attract butterflies and are excellent for cutting. This shrub has grayish green foliage throughout the season and can be cut back like a perennial in early spring. Grows to 5’ high & wide at maturity.

 

 

 

Maroon Swoon Weigela

Weigela Maroon Swoon

Maroon Swoon Weigela

Don’t let the name fool you! This weigela flower is as red as they come! Rich red trumpet shaped flowers bloom on deep green foliage from summer to fall. This shrub has a compact rounded habit and is an excellent accent for shrub borders or perennial gardens. This flowering shrub has incredible red colour and attracts hummingbirds too. Grows to 4’ high and 3’ wide at maturity.

 

 

 

Samaritan Chinese Dogwood

Samaritan Chinsese Dogwood

Samaritan Dogwood

Samaritan Chinese Dogwood features showy clusters of white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in late spring. It has attractive white-variegated green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves are ornamentally significant and turn an outstanding pink in the fall. It features an abundance of magnificent red berries from early to mid-fall. The peeling gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Grows to 20’ high & wide at maturity.

 

 

 

 

 

Red Perennials

Hibiscus Dinnerplate red

Dinnerplate Hibiscus

With a full table of red perennials at Canadale to choose from you’ll have no trouble finding something to suit your Canadian Garden! From Coral Bells to Coreopsis and Dinnerplate Hibiscus (pictured) to daylilies, striking red perennials add a bold pop of colour to any garden!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Perennials

Leucanthemum Snow Cap

Shasta Daisy

White perennials can add contrast to any garden. Combined with the red, they create an especially Canadian effect! With a table full of different white perennials available there are several different shades of white – from ivory to pure – to add a Canadian touch to your garden.

Don’t Fence Me In: Hedges in the Landscape

Using Hedges in the Landscape

HedgeAHedges are one of the most fundamental applications of plants in the landscape. They are the living equivalent of a solid wall or fence and therefore serve pretty much the same functions. Unlike solid walls, however, they are dynamic and flowing, and are much softer in their impact.

They are the ideal element to delineate boundaries in the landscape. They can mark off property lines, borders between outdoor rooms in a landscape sense, walkways, driveways, gardens, and more.  They can screen out undesirable views onto adjacent properties, and they can block noise from traffic or other sources. They can also screen views from the outside of your property in; screening can create private spaces for you and your family that are pleasantly isolated from the rest of the world.

Hedges can be used to modify the local climate and create favorable microclimates. They block frigid winter blasts and the drying summer winds, which actually raises the ambient temperature in their immediate vicinity, permitting “out-of-zone” shrubs and perennials to survive the winter in regions where they may otherwise not stand a chance.

Different Kinds of Hedges

Hedge3There are two basic styles of hedges; formal and natural. Formal hedges are those that are pruned to a specific shape, looking for all purposes like walls built of plants. Natural hedges are those in which naturally shapely plants are allowed to grow to their natural forms, but which are placed close enough in proximity to each other that they still function as a hedge.

When selecting plants for your hedge, you should choose varieties that are vigorous, durable and tough. You don’t want every third plant in your row dying because it too tender for our cold winters!

A specific note of caution is in order here. Many people desire formal trimmed hedges, but with the beautiful fragrance and color of flowers. So why not just construct a hedge using flowering shrubs? The trick is that the majority of flowering shrubs bloom on wood that was developed the previous summer or fall. Any branches that are pruned or trimmed between the time the flowers are formed and the bloom time represent lost bloom. If enough of the new branches are removed, there will be no flowers at all. So while lilacs and viburnums make wonderful hedges, pruning them as a formal hedge all but ensures that they will not be blooming the coming season. Save these for natural hedges.

As you can see the type of hedge you like will help determine the kinds of plants you will need for your hedge and how many of each you will need.  Plants in a formal hedge tend to be spaced closer together than natural hedges.  The spacing of plants will also be determined by how large the individual plants can grow and how long it will take to reach that width.  From smaller shrubs like boxwoods, it is usually best to plant them approximately 12’ apart.  For larger growing hedging, spacing to 24” to 30” would work well.  Wider spacing would be possible but it would take a much longer time for the hedge to fill in and there would be a greater risk of gaps forming in the row.  To calculate the actual number of plants you’ll need to purchase for your hedge, take the full length of the hedge run as per your design and divide it through by the spacing between the plants as you have calculated above. Subtract one plant from this number to correct for the end spacing, and there you have the number of plants you’ll need to buy.

Preparing the Site & Planting Your Hedge

It is best that you excavate a full rectangular plot for the hedge, as opposed to simply digging individual holes in the lawn. It will become nightmarishly challenging to maintain grass between individual plants that are spaced closely together while at the same time keeping it away from the base of the plants, so don’t even bother setting yourself up for this heartache.  Start by staking off the plot for the hedge row. Get yourself a few handy wooden stakes, a hammer, and some string.  Now, if you’re digging the plot out of an existing lawn, use a lawn edger to cut the sod along the string. This will help give you a sharp edge to the border. Once the plot has been completely edged on all sides, you can use a spade or a sod cutter to lift the sod from inside.

Using the edges as a reference point, take your wooden stakes and mark off the exact centers of the planting locations for each plant in the hedge. Planting a hedge plant is no different from planting any other tree or shrub.  Dig your individual holes, amend with compost or triple mix and apply transplant fertilizer to encourage fast root development.  Continue planting each hedge plant, maintaining the exact spacing of each plant and keeping the plants centered within the plot.  Once all the plants have been planted, use a rake to smooth over the soil around the individual plants along the entire length of the hedge and give the entire hedge a good watering.  As a final step, it is advisable to apply 2-3” layer of mulch over the planting area to minimize weeds and to keep moisture in.

After-Care of Your New Hedge

As with any new garden, the plants in your hedge will require additional care and attention over the first year. This means frequent watering while the hedge plants are establishing deep roots in their new home. Keep weeds and grass from growing into your hedge.  They will rob it of nutrients and moisture besides making it look unkempt and messy.

Types of Roses and their Uses

Do you ever feel overwhelmed by the number of roses available to choose from? I sure do! When the long anticipated spring season finally begins and the huge shipment of roses finally arrives at Canadale I am awed and a little dizzy at all the choices before me. The section below will describe the different types of roses we carry and what they are generally used for. However, when choosing roses for your garden here are a few key things that can be helpful: before you browse the rose section, have at least a vague idea of where your roses will go and what you will use them for, whether it be for a hedge or a showy specimen; have a general idea of what colour you roses you’d like to have in your garden; read the tag – there is usually a multitude of helpful information on the tags and signs provided; and remember that the employees here at Canadale will be more than happy to help you pick out the most suitable roses for your purposes and answer any questions you have about growing roses.

Hybrid Tea Roses

DoubleDelightRose

Double Delight Hybrid Tea Rose

Hybrid tea roses, like Double Delight pictured to the left have large, many petalled, single or double flowers. Flowers are usually alone, although occasionally can be found in clusters of three. They come in several colours. Blooms are usually held singly on straight long stems making them ideal for cut flowers. Many are fragrant. Hybrid tea roses are always grafted. They vary in size depending on variety. Hybrid teas are best used in formal rose beds.

 

 

 

 

Floribunda Roses

EbbTideRose

Ebb Tide Floribunda Rose

My father always called these roses ‘lotsa littles’ because they flower profusely, but the flowers are on the smaller side like Ebb Tide pictured to the left. Blooms range from singles to fully double and are produced in clusters. The blooming period is usually maintained throughout the growing season. Although the flowers are smaller than Hybrid Teas, Floribundas tend to be hardier. Floribundas are usually grafted. Very showy when mass-planted in beds. Also work well in foundation planting.

 

 

 

Grandiflora Roses

Rose_Queen_Elizabeth

Queen Elizabeth Grandiflora Rose

Like the Floribunda rose, my father had a nickname for Grandifloras. He called them ‘less and large’. This is because although Grandifloras produce fewer flowers than Floribundas, they have the largest and showiest blooms, like the Queen Elizabeth rose pictured to the left. These flowers are large like the Hybrid Teas, but can be produced in clusters like the Floribundas. They are vigorous growers and some varieties can get very tall. Grandifloras are always grafted. Taller varieties are very useful as hedges or backdrops in landscapes. Lower growing varieties are ideal for mixing in with perennial borders.

 

 

Climbing Roses

Climbing_Rose

Blaze Climbing Rose

Climbers are sports or mutations of bush roses. The flowers can be single or double, of Hybrid Tea or Floribunda type, depending on parentage. Blooms come in several different colours depending on variety. Blaze rose, pictured to the left, is one of our most popular red climbers. Main shoots of the plant should be trained as horizontally as possible on the support to produce lateral branches. These lateral branches will grow upward from the main shoots to provide height and cover and it is on these lateral branches the flowers will be produced. Climbing roses are ideal to cover a trellis, arbour or other support.

 

 

Shrub Roses

Knockout_Rose

Knockout Rose

Shrub roses are greatly under-valued and under-used, like the Double Knock Out Rose pictured to the left. Modern shrub roses are derived in some cases from native roses that are free of disease and insect problems. They are extremely hardy and generally require no special care. Some are very neat and tidy like a Floribunda, with flowers as large as a Hybrid Tea and many varieties are fragrant. Include shrub roses in a border with spring flowering plants such as lilac and forsythia. Ideal as an informal flowering hedge or privacy screen. Some varieties add fall and winter interest with their bright red fruits.

Unique Evergreens

Are you looking for something truly different?  At Canadale Nurseries, we pride ourselves on providing unique and unusual specialty plants available.  We have just received a very exciting shipment of unique evergreens to complement our already vast display of evergreens.  Conifers are mostly VERY hardy and easy to grow. Please note: these selections are available in very limited numbers and are sold on a first-come basis.

Unique Evergreens – Chamaecyparis

Sparkling Arrow Alaskan Cedar

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis ‘Sparkling Arrow’

An extremely narrow, upright weeping conifer with dazzling, creamy-white variegation. A choice vertical accent for any garden. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil. Grows 8′ tall x 1′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 3.

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Pillar Hinoki Cypress

Chamaecyparis obtuse ‘Golden Pillar’

A dwarf, upright evergreen conifer with sprays of rich yellow foliage. Growth habit is dense, compact and very narrow. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil.  Grows 3′ tall x 1′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Melody Hinoki Cypress

Chamaecyparis obtuse ‘Melody’

An outstanding dwarf evergreen conifer. Refined lemon-yellow foliage can take full sun in most locations. Compact, upright growth habit. One of the most attractive of all conifers. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil. Grows 5′ tall x 2′ wide in 10 years. Hardy zone 4.

 

 

 

 

 

Unique Evergreens – Firs

 Green Carpet Korean Fir

Abies koreana ‘Green Carpet’

(40cm high and 100cm wide) A dwarf, tidy, mounding evergreen with a spreading habit. Light green needles mature to dark green in the summer.  Purple-blue cones add extra interest. Ideal for rock gardens. Slow growing. Full sun and well-drained soil. Zone 4.

 

 

Ice Breaker Korean Fir

Abies koreana ‘Ice Breaker’

A miniature evergreen conifer grafted on a stem. Dense foliage is silvery-blue due to the undersides of recurved needles. Originated as a witch’s broom from ‘Silberlocke’ in Germany. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. 8″ tall x 12″ wide 10 years. Hardy to zone 4.

 

 

Inga Dwarf Korean Fir

Abies koreana ‘Inga’

(125cm high and 100cm wide) A. ‘Inga’ as a horizontal growing Korean fir that is amazingly slow growing. Shiny blue needles. Best in full sun to light shade and well-drained soil.  Zone 5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Redwoods

Kools Gold Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostoboides ‘Kools Gold’

A vigorous deciduous conifer with an upright narrow crown. Spring and summer foliage is deep gold, and it takes full sun if provided with adequate moisture. Considered an improvement over the well-known Metasequoia g. ‘Gold Rush’. From the Kools Nursery in Deurne, Holland. Known in Europe as ‘Golden Guusje’. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil.  Grows 14′ tall x 7′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 5.

 

 

 

 

 

Miss Grace Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostoboides ‘Miss Grace’

A small, deciduous conifer with gracefully-weeping branches. Refined gray-green foliage in summer, strong orange in autumn. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil. If staked, grows 8′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 5.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North Light Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostoboides ‘North Light (Schirrmann’s Nordlicht)’

Known in Europe as ‘Schirrmann’s Nordlicht’. A delightful dwarf deciduous conifer originating as a witch’s broom mutation on M.g. ‘White Spot’. Forms a dense round ball with pretty cream-white needles. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.  Grows 2.5′ tall x 2.5′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 5.

 

 

Unique Evergreens – Spruce

Acro-Yellow Norway Spruce

Picea abies ‘Acro-yellow’

A dwarf evergreen conifer with an irregular upright form. Needles are frosted with butter-yellow. Numerous ornamental cones are featured. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil.  Grows 5′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vermont Gold Norway Spruce

Picea abies ‘Vermont Gold’

A choice dwarf evergreen conifer with short lemon-yellow needles. Most bright in full sun, but a wonderful yellow-green when grown in shade. Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil.  Grows 1′ tall x 2′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 2.

 

 

 

Daisy’s White Dwarf Alberta Spruce

Picea glauca ‘Daisy’s White’

A dwarf, cone-shaped conifer with green foliage.  In spring the new growth covers the plant with a dazzling display of “daisy white” shoots and needles.  An incredible new conifer from Europe.   Prefers sun/partial shade in well-drained soil.  Grows 2′ tall x 1′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ketch Harbor White Spruce

Picea glauca ‘Ketch Harbor’

An upright evergreen conifer with deep blue-green needles. Branches arch downward gracefully. Discovered in the wild in Nova Scotia. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. If staked, grows 6′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 1.

 

 

 

 

 

Unique Evergreens – Pines

Silveray Korean Pine

Pinus koraiensis ‘Silveray’

A slow-growing upright evergreen conifer with silver-blue needles – more blue than the type. Makes a wonderful landscape specimen. Selected in Holland. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. Grows 6′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 3.

 

 

 

 

 

Compact Gem Bosnian Pine

Pinus leucodermis ‘Compact Gem’

A dwarf, dense evergreen conifer with dark green needles. Eventually forms a broad pyramid. Introduced in 1964 by Hillier nursery in England. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. Grows 4′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 4.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wiethorst Hybrid Pine

Pinus schwerinii’Wiethorst’

 A dwarf, upright evergreen conifer with a broadly-pyramidal habit. Parents of this hybrid pine are P. wallichiana x P. strobus. Long, fine green needles gives a soft appearance. Famous for ornamental cones at a young age. Prefers full sun in most soils. Grows 5′ tall x 3′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 3.

 

 

 

Jeremy Scot’s Pine

Pinus sylvestris ‘Jeremy’

A slow-growing evergreen conifer with a flattened-globose form. Short needles are bright green, and numerous small orange buds adorn the plant in winter. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. Grows 1′ tall x 1.5′ wide in 10 years. Hardy to zone 2.

 

 

 

Kotobuki Black Pine

Pinus thunbergii ‘Kotobuki’

A dwarf, full, upright conifer with lush emerald green needles. Often used for bonsai, or perfect for the small garden. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil. Grows 3′ tall x 2′ wide in 10 years. Hardy zone 5.

 

 

 

 

 

Information & images provided by Buchholz & Buchholz Nursery

New & Exciting Plant for 2016

If you’re like most avid gardeners, you’ve probably already been out rooting around in your garden making plans on how to make this year’s garden better than ever.  These plans often include adding a few new specimens.  At this time of the year, many new and exciting plants are starting to make their way onto our benches.  To help you along in your search for that perfect plant, take a look at a few plants that we’re excited about. Watch for them to make their appearance this season at Canadale Nurseries – Ontario’s Favourite Garden Centre!

New Perennials

2016 Perennial of the Year: Anemone ‘Honorine Jobert’

Anemone_HonorineJobert

Honorine Jobert Anemone

Every year the Perennial Plant Association honours one perennial with outstanding qualities to be its perennial of the year.  For 2016, they went way back in history and chose a plant that was first introduced 158 years ago –  Anemone ‘Honorine Jobert’.  As you would expect, a variety introduced in 1858 and being honoured in 2016, must be one outstanding perennial.  This reliable and showy Japanese (autumn) Anemone will brighten up any semi-shaded garden from September to October, a time when there are usually few plants still in bloom.  This heirloom selection features large, white single blossoms on tall stems. It does best in rich loam soils but is quite adaptable.  Hardy to zone 5.

 

2016 Hosta of the Year: Hosta ‘Curly Fries’

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Curly Fries Hosta

The 2016 Hosta of the Year as chosen by the AHGA (American Hosta Growers Association).  Hosta are well known as some of the best performing perennials for shady gardens.  However, not everyone has room for the big leafed monsters, hence the growing popularity of smaller (miniature) varieties. Perhaps that is why ‘Curly Fries’ was awarded the 2016 honour. Or perhaps it was because it is one of the most unique varieties around.  Stiff, long narrow leaves with heavily ruffled edges emerge chartreuse and brighten to yellow, especially if provided with sun for half the day.  Lavender flowers in midsummer add extra colour, as do the red speckles on mature leaf petioles.  Fantastic in smaller containers, or perhaps in front of that bright blue hosta in your border.

Remember when you shop at your favourite garden center this spring that whatever else you order, you’ll want some ‘Curly Fries’ with that!  Zone 3

 

Heuchera ‘Champagne’

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Champagne Coralbells

There has been an explosion of new coralbells in recent years with many new varieties being introduced.  This year is no exception.  One variety that has caught our attention is Heuchera Champagne.  This hybrid Coral Bell selection is a terrific choice for adding a touch of colour towards the front of a border. The leaves are medium-sized and change from peach to gold to champagne-gold over the season and feature a strong white veil overlay. Free-flowering maroon stems with light peach flowers most of the season. Protect from hot afternoon sun to prevent leaf scorch.   Hardy to zone 5.

 

 

Clematis Serious Black

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Serious Black Clematis

Seriously? This unusual selection of clematis is not a vining plant like most other clematis. InsteadSerious Black’ Clematis has a sprawling, bushy habit.  This plant quickly bursts out of the ground in the spring, with foliage of smoky-purple, nearly black that matures to deep olive green. Plants produce a good display of cloud-like fragrant little ivory flower clusters in late spring to early summer. This clematis may require staking, or plants can be allowed to sprawl through an adjacent shrub or even as a groundcover. Prune to the ground in fall or early spring.  Hardy to zone 2.

 

Happy Jack Clematis

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Happy Jack Clematis

Another new clematis variety that has caught our attention this year is Clematis ‘Happy Jack’.  It’s hard to image that there could be an improvement on the ever popular Jackmannii clematis. Happy Jack sports velvety plum-purple flowers with intriguing center highlights and bright yellow stamens. This early and long-flowering beauty blooms from mid-summer into fall, and is noted for its intense purple flower colour and large (3-5″) blooms. It flowers on new wood and old wood so you simply prune it back to 2 feet each spring.  It will grow 6-8’ high.  Like all clematis, Happy Jack will do best in full sun to part shade.  Hardy to zone 5.

Check out more great perennials at Heritage Perennials.

 

 

 

New Annuals

Annuals are a must for the summer garden.   They provide easy, continual colour anywhere in the landscape from large mass plantings to the smallest of containers.  This year we found a few new exciting plants that are getting our attention.

 

‘Campfire Fireburst’ Bidens

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Campfire fireside Bidens

A breakthrough colour for bidens, Campfire Fireburst’ Bidens bears rich orange and yellow bicolour blooms on compact plants.  These delicate looking flowers are a lot tougher than they look. Once established, they will stand up to hot dry conditions in the sunniest locations.   It can be used in combination with other medium to high vigour plants such as Supertunia® or grown on its own in hanging baskets and landscapes. This is a sun-loving plant that is heat and drought tolerant once established.

 

‘Holy Moly!’ Superbells

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Holy Moly! Superbells

Holy Moly!™ is a funky, fun new Superbells®. With its yellow base colour, Holy Moly!™ is splashed with dark pink on its petals. Known for their abundant flowers, and long bloom time, Superbells® are a must-have for containers and hanging baskets. The trailing habit can grow as long as 24 inches in a hanging basket. Superbells® like to be in well-drained soil for best growing conditions. Fertilize every one to two weeks for best performance. 

 

 

New Ornamental Plants

Woody ornamental plants (trees, shrubs, evergreens and vines) provide the backbone to any garden, adding structure and interest all year around.  Remember, we enjoy our gardens 12 months of the year, so it’s important to include these.

 

Hydrangea ‘Miss Saori’

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Miss Saori Hydrangea

 

You say you don’t have room for another hydrangea in your garden?  Well, you might have to make a little more space.  This is one you will definitely want front and centre.  Bred by one of the most highly respected Hydrangea breeders, and a worthy winner of the coveted Chelsea Flower Show Plant of the Year 2014 award!  ‘Miss Saori’ Hydrangea is quite unique. Each fully double, white bloom is frosted with a soft rose edge, giving the large rounded flower heads a delicate, frothy appearance. This is the first of a new breed of Hydrangeas that will remain the same colour regardless of your soil type, so you are guaranteed to see these beautiful blooms at their best.  The foliage compliments the blooms perfectly, taking on an attractive burgundy hue in spring and autumn that only adds to the appeal of this stunning mophead hydrangea. ‘Miss Saori’ grows 1m high and wide. Hardy to zone 5.  Very Limited Supply.

 

 

‘Scentsation’ Honeysuckle

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Scentsation Honeysuckle Vine

The name says it all! A very showy vine with extremely fragrant yellow flowers, ‘Scentsation’ Honeysuckle blooms from mid-spring to late summer, followed by bright red berries. This floriferous honeysuckle has a very long bloom time, and is a wonderful addition to summer gardens, especially when trained up along a trellis or fence.  Honeysuckle is a favourite of hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.  This vine can grow 12-15 feet high.  It will do best in fun sun and well drained soils.  Hardy to zone 4.

 

 

 

‘Everlasting Revolution’ Hydrangea

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Revolution Hydrangea

This is one of the most exciting new hydrangeas to be introduced in recent years.  This compact re-blooming variety offers loads of colour over a small shrub.  Each blossom lasts for weeks, gradually creating fascinating combinations of light and dark pinks (or blues with a more acid pH) and pale green. In sun to part shade, you’ll enjoy these large, showy flowers all summer.  ‘Everlasting Revolution’ Hydrangea is quite hardy and reliable, blooming on both old and new wood.  Ideal for a smaller garden space as it only grow 2-3’ high and wide.  Revolution enjoys rich moist soil in a sunny area. Hardy to zone 5.

 

 

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Dakota Pinnacle Birch

‘Dakota Pinnacle’ Birch

This is a fantastic new introduction from North Dakota with smooth white bark, spire-like columnar habit of growth, quite dense, great for skyline articulation; insect resistant and drought tolerant.  ‘Dakota Pinnacle’ Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season, turning yellow in fall. The smooth white bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest. As an added bonus, deer don’t particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favour of tastier treats. Grows 25 feet high and only 6 feet wide. Very hardy to zone 3.

 

 

 

 

‘Green Giant’ Cedar

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Green Giant Cedar

What is better for year around interest than a commanding evergreen? One of the finest evergreens for screening or windbreak, this upright conifer is versatile, strong-rooted and virtually disease-free. Its uniform shape seldom needs pruning, but responds well to shearing. Fertilize every spring with a high nitrogen fertilizer. Keep it well-watered until ‘Green Giant’ is established. Grows to 30 feet high and 8 feet wide. Hardy to zone 4.

These are just a few of the many new and exciting new plants for 2016.  Be sure to stop into Canadale Nurseries to see our entire selection.

Spring Flowering Trees

Spring Flowering Trees. There are a few symbols of spring that are as universal as flowers! No matter where you live in this country (with the possible exception of those living in Churchill, Manitoba & all areas north of there!) we all agree that they are sure fire signs that spring is here. The following flowering trees are definitely signs that spring has arrived!

Magnolias – one of the most recognizable spring flowering trees

MagnoliaMagnolias are a stunning & stately tree with varieties that grow anywhere from 10-30’ high & 8-20’ wide, ensuring there is a Magnolia for every landscape. Saucer magnolias are one of the most popular types found as lawn specimens & park trees. They feature stunning blooms like those in the accompanying photo.

 

Dogwood

Dogwoods - spring flowering trees

Cherokee Sunset Dogwood

Dogwoods (Cornus florida) are the perfect tree for smaller spaces, growing anywhere from 15-20’ high & wide. These spring flowering trees include the native white flowering dogwood, Cornus florida, which features beautiful horizontal branches covered with gorgeous, long lasting white blooms each spring.  The newer hybrid ‘Cherokee Sunset’, features stunning green & gold variegated foliage and deep pink blooms.

 

Ornamental Pear

PearA popular street tree because of its slender profile, the Chanticleer Ornamental Pear (Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’) is a sure sign spring has arrived.  Beautiful small white flowers cover the entire tree each year! Growing to approximately 30’ high & 10’ wide, this tree is great for smaller yards also.

 

Crabapple

CrabappleWith flowers in shades of pink, white & red, spring flowering trees are almost synonymous with Crabapples (Malus) – a great addition to the landscape and a fantastic food source for birds & wildlife! Growing approximately to 18-25’ high & 16-24’ wide depending on the variety. There is also a much slimmer, columnar variety for small spaces & screening called Dream Weaver which grows to 10’ high & 3’ wide.

 

Golden Chain

GoldenChainA tree that is overlooked far too often in the landscape is the Golden Chain Tree (Laburnum watereri). Featuring absolutely stunning bright yellow blooms that resemble the flower clusters of the Wisteria vine, this smaller tree is perfect for smaller yards & as a lawn specimen. Its slender vase shape & approximate size of 15’ high & 6’ wide is sure to add a bright punchy of colour each spring! Also available as a weeping tree, a smaller cascading type that will fill smaller spaces with an approximate size of 6-8’ high & wide.

Flowering Shrubs for the Summer Garden

Those lazy days of summer are upon us.  It’s time to relax on the patio, having a BBQ with family and friends, or just enjoy some time in the garden.  While in the garden, you might notice that your garden may not be looking its best or be in need of some extra colour.  Those springs flowering shrubs and perennial that looked so great a month ago are now only distant memories.  Now is a great time to look about the garden to find those spots that need a bit of a pick-me-up.  One of the easiest ways to add some colour to the summer time garden is with an assortment of summer flowering shrubs.  Summer shrubs are available in a wide variety of sizes and colours and will provide years of enjoyment in the landscape.  Plant some colour now so you will have an abundant show every summer for years to come.  Here are a few of our favourite shrubs for the summer garden.

Bluebeard Shrub

This shrub is a treat in late summer when it bears airy clusters of beautiful blue blooms. It’s easy to grow and easily tolerates all the heat and drought of summer.  As an

added bonus, butterflies love it. Bluebeard shrub makes a great cut flower too. One of the best selections is Dark Knight with deep blue flowers and a compact bushy habit.  Prune back hard in early spring.   They thrive in full sun and well-drained soil.  Blue beard grows 4 feet tall.  Zones: 5-9

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Butterfly Bush

Butterfly Bush is like a summer-flowering lilac. The blooms appear in similar colours — purple, lavender, blue, pink, and white — and are deliciously fragrant. Happily, butterfly bushes offer a longer bloom season, from summer into autumn, especially if you pinch off the old flower clusters as they start to fade.  Two great new introductions are ‘Lo&Behold’ and ‘Peacock’. ‘Lo&Behold’ is a dwarf variety with attractive mauve blooms that only grows 2-3′ high and wide.   ‘Peacock’ is another compact variety with extra long purple-pink blooms.  They do best in full sun and well-drained soil.  Grows 2 To 6 feet tall.  Zones: 5-9

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Hydrangea paniculata

Hydrangea paniculata is the easiest hydrangea to grow.  In late summer and autumn, this rugged shrub produces fluffy clusters of white flowers that fade to shades of pink. Many cultivars, such as ‘Limelight’, ‘Pinky Winky’ and ‘Pink Diamond’ are available in standard tree form and offer superior colour and form over older varieties.  One of our favourite is a new variety called ‘Little Lamb’.  This dwarf selection is covered in blooms from early summer to fall and only grows approximately 3′ tall. Better still, it blooms several weeks earlier than other varieties.  Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil. Grows 3 to 10 feet high & wide depending on variety. Hardy Zones: 4-8

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Potentilla

Potentilla is one of the most common and easiest shrubs  to grow.  It starts blooming in late spring and continues through autumn, bearing cheery yellow, pink, or white flowers that look like single roses.   ‘Gold Star’ is one of the best with an abundance of extra-large blooms over a compact shrub.   Potentilla has attractively divided foliage.  Potentillas generally grow 3 feet tall and wide and does best in full sun and well-drained soil   Zones: 3-7

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Reblooming Large Leaf Hydrangea

Most big leaf hydrangeas flower on branches from the last year, making them susceptible to injury from spring frosts or especially cold winter temperatures, reblooming varieties such as ‘Endless Summer’ produce flowers on fresh growth. This helps ensure more reliable blooms throughout the summer.  A newer introduction is the variety ‘Twist & Shout’ which is the first ever lace-cap reblooming hydrangea.  Large leaf hydrangeas prefer part shade and moist, but well-drained soil. Grows 3 to 5 feet tall.  Zones: 5-9

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Rose of Sharon

You can rely on Rose of Sharon to provide lots of colour during the hottest months. From midsummer to early autumn, the shrub erupts in tropical-looking blooms in shades of pink, lavender-blue, and white.  With such a wide selection of colours it is not difficult to find a prefect addition to any garden.  Rose of Sharons are available as a shrub or grafted onto a standard to form a small ornamental tree.  They are undemanding but do best in full sun and well-drained soil

Size: To 10 feet tall and wide.  Zones: 5-9

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Smoke Bush

Smoke bush creates a dramatic shot of color in the landscape, but not because of its pink plumes in summer. It’s the foliage that’s really spectacular: Most common types have dark purple leaves that erupt into colourful shades of yellow, orange, and red in fall.  A newer selection called Golden Spirit provides bright yellow leaf colour from spring to fall.  Smoke bush love full sun and well-drained soil

They can grow up to 12 feet tall but can be kept smaller with annual pruning.  Zones: 5-8

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Spirea

There’s a good reason spirea is a common sight in nearly every garden.  It’s a no-brainer to grow – no serious pest or disease problems and very little maintenance required. Spireas are beautiful from spring to fall as most varieties have colourful foliage for all season long.  In midsummer, they produce clusters of raspberry-rose flowers in summer for an added show of colour.  Varieties such as Goldmound and Goldflame are among the most popular.  Another great choice is Magic Carpet which has a dwarf, low mounding habit and outstanding colour from spring to fall.  Spireas are quite adaptable to any garden location but perform best in full sun to part shade and well drained soils.  They grow from 1.5′ to 4 feet depending on variety.  Hardy to zone 4.

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