Fruit tree pollination is very important when selecting trees. One of the most common question asked when planting fruit trees is how many trees do you have to plant in order to get fruit. It can be a bit confusing as some fruit trees will produce fruit by themselves (self-pollinating) while other types will need 2 or more different varieties in order to set fruit. Here’s a fruit tree pollination guide to help explain what you need to know.
APPLES – A favourite fruit tree to grow
Plant two or more different varieties for cross pollination to bear fruit. Flowering crabs and wild apples will serve as pollination too. Mutsu is triploid – needs two other varieties. Five-in-one apples have multiple varieties on one trunk and will therefore, pollinate itself.
PEARS – Easy to grow fruit tree
Plant two or more different varieties for best fruit production. Ornamental pears will act as pollinators too.
EUROPEAN TYPES – Self pollinating. Only one variety is needed to bear fruit.
JAPANESE TYPES – Plant two or more varieties for cross pollination to bear fruit. European types will also pollinate.
Most are partially self pollinating. You will get some fruit with only one tree. Although planting two or more varieties will increase fruit yield significantly.
SWEET – Stella is self pollinating. Other kinds, like Bing, need two different varieties for cross pollination. SOUR cherries like Montmorency is self pollinating.
PEACHES & NECTARINES
Self pollinating. Only one variety is needed to bear fruit.
Canadale Nurseries offers a complete line of fruit trees, small fruits, berries and superfruits such as goji and haskaps. Please visit us soon to see our great selection.