Do you have a few garden problems cropping up at this time of the year? At this late point in the season, some gardeners may notice that their plants don’t look as exuberant as they did in the spring and early summer. There may be less new growth and some lower leaves may be turning brown and dropping off. Insects may be attacking and leaves may be plagued with fungal diseases. In the heat of the afternoon the soft tips of leaves may even be wilting. These are all common problems for the late summer garden. Read on to learn how to manage these common problems in late summer garden.
This is the time of year when most gardeners breathe a sigh of relief because typical spring pests like slugs, cutworms, grubs, maggots and flea beetles fade from the landscape. However, summer insects like Japanese beetles, webworms, and gypsy moths soon replace them. One way to control these pests is to handpick them when they are most visible. Dropping them in a bucket of soapy water puts an end to them. To control webworms and gypsy moth caterpillars, prune away webworm nests and apply Bacillus thuringiensis (BTK spray). Japanese beetle traps can be set out to capture this voracious pest. At this time of the year you want to keep a close eye on your lawn for signs of white grubs and other lawn pest. Treat your lawn with nematodes before the grubs have a chance to destroy your entire lawn.
Plants may have been weakened and stressed by recent high temperatures. This puts them at risk to develop powdery mildew and other fungal diseases like black spot and rust. Fungal diseases don’t always kill, but may lessen or stunt plant growth. High humidity and nighttime temperatures further encourage the development and spread of plant diseases. Remove and destroy any leaves infected with rust, black spot or mildew. Selective pruning of overcrowded branches increases air circulation which can prevent disease. Start spraying with garden sulphur fungicide or Bordo Copper spray when the fungus is first visible. If past experience tells you certain plants are susceptible to disease, a preventive fungicide application would be very beneficial. Spray all plant parts thoroughly and repeat every 7 to 10 days as needed.
Blossom end rot is a specific problem in the vegetable garden on tomatoes and peppers. This condition is a result of a calcium deficiency in the soil. Providing consistent moisture by watering the soil and not spraying the foliage will help, as will applying a calcium rich fertilizer like lime or gypsum.
For our gardens to be at their best they need a consistent supply of moisture. Too little or too much water can be equally harmful. During hot dry spells we need to ensure we water our gardens deeply. Applying a 2-3 inch layer of mulch in the early spring ensures that the soil doesn’t lack moisture at this time of year. A reapplication of a fresh layer of mulch at this late time of year may also be necessary; focusing on flowerbeds, vegetable gardens, and the drip line of young or recently (trans) planted trees. This helps keep the soil cool and moist for the benefit of your plants. As an added bonus, the mulch will help suppress a lot of weeds making garden maintenance much easier.
Most plants and lawns need a minimum of an inch of water each week during summer months, but up to three inches of water when temperatures reach 30 degrees and above. Conserve water by using soaker hoses, and water early in the morning to allow foliage to dry quickly, reducing the potential for fungal disease.
Late blooming plants and summer annuals benefit from regular fertilizing. You can promote flower growth by applying a high phosphate, water soluble fertilizer (like a 15-30-15) every two weeks. If your lawn is dry and dormant then now is not a good time to fertilize. Without adequate water, applying lawn food during hot dry spells will only burn the grass. It is better to wait until the lawn has started to recover and is sufficiently moist to give it a feeding. A late-summer – early fall fertilizing will speed the lawn’s recovery and help strengthen it for the coming winter.
This Canada Day we celebrate 149 years as a country! So next year we Canadians will be celebrating our sesquicentennial. 150 years as a nation. To reflect the celebration of such an important event, consider adding some red and white plants to your garden! Here are a few top choices for red and white plants for the HARDY Canadian Garden.
Royal Red Maple
Royal Red Maple is a faster growing tree with maroon red colour that turns brighter purple in fall. This splendid shade tree has a rounded, symmetrical growing habit. It is hardy and easy to grow. A magnificent lawn specimen for great colour. Grows to about 50’ high and 25’ wide at maturity.
Silverleaf dogwood has bright white and green variegated leaves on red stems that provide excellent contrast. A perfect shrub for year-long interest in the garden. Very hardy and easy to grow, this striking shrub looks best in mass plantings or combined with dark-leafed shrubs. Grows to 6’ high & wide at maturity.
Rose Glow Japanese Barberry has attractive and interesting pink-variegated burgundy foliage which emerges red in spring. The small oval leaves turn an outstanding burgundy in the fall. It features tiny clusters of yellow flowers hanging below the branches in mid-spring. The fruits are showy scarlet drupes carried in abundance from early to late fall. And the bark is brick red. Grows to about 5’ high & wide at maturity.
Pee Gee Hydrangea
Pee Gee Hydrangea features bold conical white flowers with rose overtones at the ends of the branches from mid-summer to late fall. The flowers are show-stoppers in the garden and are excellent for cutting. It also has green foliage throughout the season. Pee Gee Hydrangea is a multi-stemmed flowering shrub with an upright spreading habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.
Crimson Queen Japanese Maple
Crimson Queen Japanese Maple has attractive deep purple foliage which emerges crimson in spring. The deeply cut ferny palm-shaped leaves are ornamentally significant and turn an outstanding scarlet in the fall. This Japanese Maple is an open deciduous dwarf tree with a rounded form and gracefully weeping branches. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone. Grows slowly to 8’ high and 10’ wide at maturity.
Diana Rose of Sharon
Diana Rose of Sharon features bold white large flowers from summer to fall. Forest green foliage covers multi-stemmed, stiffly upright branches. A vigorous grower, this flowering shrub does best in full sun. Grows to 10’ high & 8’ wide at maturity.
Scarlet Flowering Quince
This exquisite old-fashioned favourite flowering shrub blooms profusely over a long season! Fiery red apple blossom-like flowers cover the densely branched thorny stems in spring and are replaced by lustrous dark green foliage later in the season. An ideal for shrub borders and as a background plant. Very hardy and easy to grow. Grows to about 4’ high & wide at maturity.
White Ball Butterfly Bush
White Ball Butterfly Bush features showy panicles of fragrant white flowers at the ends of the pendulous branches from mid-summer to mid fall. Flowers attract butterflies and are excellent for cutting. This shrub has grayish green foliage throughout the season and can be cut back like a perennial in early spring. Grows to 5’ high & wide at maturity.
Maroon Swoon Weigela
Don’t let the name fool you! This weigela flower is as red as they come! Rich red trumpet shaped flowers bloom on deep green foliage from summer to fall. This shrub has a compact rounded habit and is an excellent accent for shrub borders or perennial gardens. This flowering shrub has incredible red colour and attracts hummingbirds too. Grows to 4’ high and 3’ wide at maturity.
Samaritan Chinese Dogwood
Samaritan Chinese Dogwood features showy clusters of white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in late spring. It has attractive white-variegated green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves are ornamentally significant and turn an outstanding pink in the fall. It features an abundance of magnificent red berries from early to mid-fall. The peeling gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape. Grows to 20’ high & wide at maturity.
With a full table of red perennials at Canadale to choose from you’ll have no trouble finding something to suit your Canadian Garden! From Coral Bells to Coreopsis and Dinnerplate Hibiscus (pictured) to daylilies, striking red perennials add a bold pop of colour to any garden!
White perennials can add contrast to any garden. Combined with the red, they create an especially Canadian effect! With a table full of different white perennials available there are several different shades of white – from ivory to pure – to add a Canadian touch to your garden.
Canadians love butterflies! Not only do we fill our gardens with plants for butterflies but our parks and public spaces are bursting with plants that attract, host and feed butterflies. Summer is the perfect time to plant to invite butterflies into the garden. When doing so, keep in mind that butterflies need plants for shelter, for laying eggs (host plants) and for food. The following combines these 3 types of plants into a helpful list of trees, shrubs, perennials and annuals to attract butterflies to your garden.
There are a few trees that feed butterflies, but most act as hosts or shelter. Either way, the following trees will attract butterflies to your yard. Black Locust trees (like Purple Robe), Black Cherry trees, Willows, Eastern Redbuds, Flowering Dogwoods, River Birch and Sugar Maple.
There are many shrubs that attract butterflies. The most obvious is, of course, the Butterfly Bush! With a name like that there’s no question that it will attract butterflies to the garden. But there are many other shrubs that will also do the job. Some of these include Sweetspire, Summersweet, Privet, Viburnum and Spirea.
If you have a fence or wall to cover and want your vine to double as a butterfly magnet you have a few choices. There are a few climbing vines that will bring butterflies to your garden too. A few examples are passion flower vine (an ANNUAL), Hops, Dutchman’s Pipe, Trumpet Vine and Wisteria.
There are so many perennials that attract butterflies, it’s impossible to even list half of them. Each colour perennial table at Canadale is bursting with plants that will do the job! A few favourites include Milkweed and Butterfly Weed, Coneflower, Black Eyed Susan, Joe Pye Weed, Hollyhock, Iceplant, Shasta Daisy, Phlox, Salvia, Goats Beard, Bee Balm, Daylilies, Delphinium, Dianthus, Lavender, Liatris, Scabiosa, Stonecrop, Lupines and Yarrow.
Annuals may only last one growing season, but the colour they provide is worth it! Especially if they also attract butterflies. A few annuals that attract butterflies are Marigold, Zinnia, Aster, Cosmos, Snapdragons, Sunflowers, Pentas, Lantana, Alyssum and Verbena.
Herbs & Veggies
You might not expect that herbs and vegetables could also act as butterfly magnets. But there are some that do a very good job of attracting butterflies. These include Dill, Sage, Thyme, Peas, Legumes, Calendula, Fennel, Nasturtium, Oregano and Borage.
Other Garden Accents
Consider adding a flat rock to your butterfly garden as well! Butterflies need a warm body temperature to fly and can often be found sunning themselves. Providing a flat rock as a warm sunning area will encourage butterflies to spend more time in your garden. As will including a saucer or birdbath filled with fresh water.
Find beautiful plants for Mom from Canadale. A beautiful shrub, a majestic tree or an exotic flower… What a wonderful way to show mom your love and appreciation. Year after year, these blooming gifts will remind mom that you remembered her in a very special way. Here are a few of our favourite garden plants and gifts that we think you’ll love.
An incredible GOLD leafed redbud! This stunning tree displays a riot of colour in early spring as brilliant lavender-purple blooms appear on bare branches, followed by large heart-shaped spring leaves that emerge red, maturing to gold. Dramatic foliage and early spring blooms make this tree a year-round favourite. What a colour parade! Prefers full sun to part shade. Eventually grows to 5m high and 4m wide at maturity.
A spectacular specimen tree with a heavy display of large white blooms in spring. Dark green foliage emerges burgundy in spring and turns orange-red in fall. Red berries are produced in fall. A hardy, reliable, profuse bloomer, Cherokee Princess adds a little magic to every yard in spring. Prefers well drained soil and full sun to part shade. Eventually grows to 6m high and wide at maturity. (Note: we have a greast selection of flowering dogwoods in white, pink or red if this one isn’t quite the right fit for you.)
A striking tree with completely unique leaf variegation that comes in shades of green, pink, white and purple. Foliage turns copper later in fall. A slow grower with a lovely mounding habit, Tricolour beech grows into a dense compact pyramid shape that displays very nicely as a specimen tree in any yard. Prefers a sunny area (but some afternoon shade is often appreciated) and will eventually grow to 10 high and 4m wide at maturity.
Roses are a classic for a reason! With beautiful, colourful and often fragrant blooms, these flowering shrubs steal the show in many gardens.
David Austin Roses are world renowned show stoppers! They are very popular and totally unique with intoxicating fragrance and a wide range of colour options. They add delicacy and charm to every garden and bloom continuously all summer long. They are proven performers of the highest quality and add a real impact in the garden.
Hybrid Tea roses are a classic in the garden! These beautiful plants are probably the most popular rose available. Individual large flowers bloom on long upright stems, making these roses ideal for cut flowers and the open bushy habit make it an attractive and elegant addition to the landscape. Hybrid teas have all the virtues you need in a flower: beauty and fragrance.
There’s not quite anything like the dramatic impact of colour that climbing roses can create in the garden. Climbing roses produce long, vigorous canes that are flexible and easily trained up a trellis, wall, arbour, pillar, etc. They have luscious blooms that can grow in either large single flowers or in clusters of blooms, depending on variety. Likewise, they can bloom once a season or continuously, depending on variety. A vibrant choice when in need of a climber!
Easy Care Roses
Easy care roses are selections created to tolerate the Canadian climate more readily. They are also bred to be more hardy and disease resistant. When low maintenance is key, this line of roses is the perfect choice. From red roses like Knockout, Double Knockout and Home Run to Orange roses like Oso Easy Paprika, Yellow roses like Oso Easy Lemon Zest and Pink roses like Pink Knock Out Rose, these hardy, easy care roses come in a rainbow of lovely colours.
The name says it all! This is one hydrangea you will LOVE! Pretty double rosettes layer to produce a stunning round flower head in the softest shade of pink. This compact, small hydrangea makes a breathtaking specimen shrub or shines in mass plantings or in borders. Blooms all summer long and eventually grows to 1m high and wide at maturity. Prefers full sun to part shade.
Scent & Sensibility Lilac
A sweet delight for spring gardens! This dwarf lilac produces masses of very fragrant dark pink buds that open to soft, lilac-pink blooms in spring. After a heavy bloom period in spring, it continues to flower sporadically throughout the year. Deer resistant. Attracts butterflies. Prefers full sun and will eventually grow to 1m high and 2m wide.
The Iris is said to be named after a Greek goddess who rode rainbows. Perhaps this is believed because of the number of colours that Irises come in. The distinctive, showy flowers come in blue, purple, pink, white, yellow, orange and multi-colour. They attract hummingbirds and butterflies and while most varieties bloom in early to late summer, some varieties, especially some bearded iris varieties, re-bloom throughout the whole summer. Irises prefer full sun to part shade and well-drained soil.
Peonies are long-lived plants that continue to grow for generations. They are renowned for their large, colorful, bowl-shaped, flowers and dark green foliage. Flower colours include pink, red, white, orange and yellow, and put on a spectacular show when they bloom in May to June. Plants grow 18 inches to 3 feet tall, depending on the variety. Peonies are easy to grow, low maintenance and can be fairly fragrant. They make stunning cut flowers and prefer full sun and moist well-drained soil. We have a selection of old-fashioned favourites and newer varieties, depending on what you’re looking for.
Take notice of this new lavender variety! This extremely hardy lavender variety forms a bushy mound of silver foliage with long spikes of purple-blue flowers in mid-summer (a little later than English types of lavender). Often re-blooms in late summer or fall. Marvelously fragrant, this variety is particularly attractive to butterflies and is excellent as a cut flower or for drying. Good tolerance to extreme heat and humidity. Prefers full sun and very well-drained soil.
This spectacular climbing vine produces huge flowers (up to 10”) that are silvery lavender-blue with reddish stamens. The striking blooms open with a darker central bar that lightens with age. Twining on natural or manufactured supports, these very pretty vines bloom all summer long and are very hardy. They grow to about 2-3m high at maturity and prefer sun (except on their roots where they prefer more shade or heavy mulch).
Like the name suggests, this vine is sweet! A vigorous climber that grows up to 6m at maturity, honeysuckle features clusters of May and June blooming trumpet shaped flowers that come in many colours, depending on variety – rosy-orange, creamy white, soft yellow, and red with orange and yellow touches. The flowers are often fragrant and attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Prefers full sun to light shade and needs a support, like a trellis or fence, to climb.
Rio dipladenias produce beautiful bright blooms and lush foliage yet are hardy enough to thrive in non-tropical climates all season long, from mid-May to mid-October. Flowers come in white, pink and deep red and are a large trumpet shape. They are both the perfect bedding plant and an outstanding accent for hanging baskets or planters. Rios are drought and heat tolerant and very easy to care for! They perform best with 4 or more hours of direct sunlight daily. Available in 1 gallon pot, hanging basket and patio pot. These beautiful bloomers will brighten your patio all summer.
Bougainvillea are an incredibly bright type of tropical plant that can be grown as a vine, bush or tree. These beautiful plants boast flower-like leaves that and are covered with vibrant unique flowers from spring to fall. Showy blooms usually come in shades of pink or purple, but can also be found in orange, yellow and white. Bougainvillea are a breathtaking feature in the warm months and need a bright, indirectly sunny location. They can be grown indoors in the colder months and are virtually pest free and disease resistant.
Tropical Patio Trees, Shrubs and Vines
Give Mom a tropical holiday this year…in her own backyard! Nothing changes a patio into a tropical paradise as quickly and completely as beautiful, colourful exotic tropical plants! Choose from a huge selection including the stunning Passionflower vine, the classic Black Eyed Susan vine, the unique Fuchsia tree, the lovely white Moonflower vine, the magnificent Morning Glory vine, the charming Oleander bush or tree, the gorgeous Hybrid Hibiscus blooms and so many more! Bring Mom in to choose her own exotic blooms.
For a burst of colour in your spring garden, make sure to include dahlias in borders, mass plantings or pots! Dahlias are actually tubers that, when planted, prefer cooler temperatures and lots of sun. They have cheerful spikey flowers that make a bold statement and come in numerous colours and sizes. Dahlias make a wonderful cut flower and last for a very long time in bouquets. They are a great addition to brighten up any sunny garden!
What a great way to spend time as a family – growing your own food together. Cherish the moments you can share while nurturing an easy summer garden that you harvest and bring to your family table. This is an fun educational way to help your children learn ‘where food comes from’.
Why not give Mom the gift that nourishes this year? Growing your own veggies has become a very popular trend and for good reason! It’s easy and productive, and lots of edibles are very pretty to look at too! Choose from a great selection of organic veggies, Heirloom tomatoes, hot peppers, herbs and much more!
Give Mom some fruity goodness for her special day! Many fruit trees and shrubs make beautiful additions to the garden! Choose from a great selection of fruit trees, like the Dwarf Empress Peach, (pictured) which stays small and produces beautiful pink blooms in spring, followed by delicious fruit! Also available are smaller fruits such as blueberries, strawberries, grapes, and much more!
Thank your Mom for reminding you to make healthy choices by getting her a SUPER-FRUIT for Mother’s Day! Full of antioxidants, goji berries and haskaps are both delicious and super good for you! They can also be quite pretty in the garden!
Dress Mom up for Mother’s Day with a beautiful fashion scarf. A great accessory for any time of year! Many designs to choose from. Add a pop of colour to Mom’s day!
While it’s great to decorate the garden, don’t forget the rest of the outdoor (and indoor!) area where you do your living! Wall art – from canvas paintings to metal ornaments – add colour and style to your life, making your space your own. Choose from an enormous collection!
Choose from a huge selection of pretty planters for Mom! From low maintenance succulent planters to colourful blossoming baskets, we have a great assortment of planters so you can get Mom exactly what she’ll want! And if you don’t see something that’s JUST RIGHT, we’ll make it for you!
For the Bird Lover
For the bird-loving mom, make sure to pick up a hummingbird feeder, oriole feeder and nectar! Once hummingbirds know where to go for dinner, they’ll keep coming back! Let mom get friendly with these magical little birds with her very own feeder!
Fairy gardening has taken the gardening world by storm! Let mom enjoy gardening all year round by starting her off with an adorable miniature garden! Choose from several different containers, fairy plants, decorative rocks and stones, as well as a huge selection of garden accents like mini garden furniture, animals, gnomes and of course, fairies! Bring mom the luck of the fairies this year!
We hope you find these beautiful plants and gift ideas helpful. Happy Mother’s Day!
What exactly is Fairy Gardening?
A fairy garden is a mini garden that can include garden structures and live plants. It is a great way to get your gardening fix all year round and a magical place to lure fairies and their good luck to your home. Your imagination is the only limit to how your fairy garden is designed and the components you add to it. Fairy gardens can be started using a kit or you can collect individual items as you go.
As Fairy Gardening gains more popularity, more and more items become available to add to your mini garden. Here is a list of only a few of the options you have for your garden: garden arbour, garden bench, birdbath, fountain, wheelbarrow, urn, picnic table, mushrooms, statues, bicycles, swing, pebbles or stones to create a pathway, fairy dust and of course, mini live plants.
Fairy Flowers are a new line of plants that we are carrying at Canadale that were designed specifically for Fairy Gardens. They are plants that either stay small naturally or can be easily trimmed to maintain a small size. They work great as outdoor plants in the spring and summer and also do well as an indoor plant in the colder seasons. These Fairy Flowers come with a beautiful tag that introduces a particular fairy and to the plant he or she has created. The tags include custom artwork and unique stories.
When selecting your Fairy Flowers, try to choose plants that will mimic a realistic landscape. Include groundcovers, shrub like plants and tree like plants. Also add trailing plants that will creep over trellises or arbours. Like regular gardening, make sure to consider things like sun conditions, watering needs and pruning needs when choosing your Fairy Flowers.
Come in and See What All the Fuss is About
Fairy Gardening is a great activity for people of all ages. Children, parents, grandparents and friends can all enjoy creating a Fairy Garden that is beautiful and totally unique. Come in today and check out the Fairy Gardening display at Canadale to see what magic is in store for you!
In honour of Chinese New Year, occurring on February 8th this year, I wanted to learn a bit more about Lucky Bamboo, a common gift in China (and other areas!) that has varied meanings depending on the number of bamboo stalks included. Of course, there is some discrepancy about the meaning of the numbers depending on where you look, however during my reading, I did uncover some very strong themes attached to each. Consider the following meanings when you’re choosing a gift of Lucky Bamboo to give away or bring into your own home:
1 Bamboo Stalk symbolizes simplicity and a meaningful life.
2 Bamboo Stalks means best of luck in love and marriage. This is a common gift for newly married couples!
3 Bamboo Stalks is the most popular number and represents happiness.
4 Bamboo Stalks is NEVER given! It is considered very unlucky and represents death.
5 Bamboo Stalks symbolizes creativity.
6 Bamboo Stalks means prosperity and wealth. It also symbolizes harmony.
7 Bamboo Stalks represents health.
8 Bamboo Stalks symbolizes luck in wealth, as well as luck in fertility.
9 Bamboo Stalks means good fortune and over all luck.
10 Bamboo Stalks represents completion or perfection in life.
21 Bamboo Stalks symbolizes a powerful all purpose blessing.
So now you have an idea of how many bamboo stalks you want in your arrangement, you go out and purchase your bamboo and you bring it home or give your gift. Now what? Luckily, Lucky Bamboo is a long lasting, tough plant that takes very little care!
Light & Temperature: Lucky Bamboo needs indirect or filtered bright light and moderate temperatures.
Water: Lucky Bamboo needs a minimum of 2” of water (making sure the roots are covered). Change the water every 1-2 weeks, using distilled water, as Lucky Bamboo is sensitive to the salts and chemicals in tap water.
Fertilizer: Lucky Bamboo doesn’t require much fertilizer. You can fertilize every couple months (or less) with a water-soluable houseplant fertilizer that is diluted to 1/10th strength.
Trimming: Eventually, Lucky Bamboo can become top-heavy. To prevent this, trim the shoots within 1”-2” of the base of the stalk. This promotes new growth and better health.
*If the leaves and stems start to turn yellow, your plant is probably getting too much fertilizer or light. Change the water immediately and do not fertilize for a few months and move to a darker area.
Best of luck with your Lucky Bamboo!